Karakteristik Pasien Kanker Serviks berdasar atas Usia, Paritas, dan Gambaran Histopatologi di RSUD Al-Ihsan Bandung

Faisyal Herlana, Ismet M. Nur, Wida Purbaningsih

Abstract


Abstrak
Kanker serviks memiliki insidensi yang tinggi terutama di negara berkembang. Penyakit kanker serviks di Indonesia merupakan penyakit kanker pada wanita dengan prevalensi tertinggi pada tahun 2013, yaitu sebesar 0,8%. Estimasi jumlah kasus kanker serviks di Jawa Barat pada tahun 2013 adalah 15.365 orang. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui karakteristik pada pasien kanker serviks berdasar atas usia, paritas, dan gambaran histopatologi di RSUD Al-Ihsan Bandung periode Januari 2015–Juni 2017. Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif observasional dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Data yang digunakan adalah data sekunder berupa rekam medik penderita kanker serviks yang didiagnosis secara histopatologi. Cara pengambilan sampel pada penelitian ini berupa admission sampling. Jumlah penderita kanker serviks yang didiagnosis secara histopatologi di RSUD Al-Ihsan Bandung pada periode ini adalah 82 orang. Sebagian besar ditemukan pasien kankers serviks dengan karakteristik usia >35 tahun sebanyak 71 orang (86,6%), paritas ≥3 sebanyak 52 orang (63,4%), dan gambaran histopatologi karsinoma sel skuamosa sebanyak 58 orang (70,7%). Simpulan, frekuensi tertinggi kanker serviks terjadi pada usia >35 tahun, paritas ≥3, dan gambaran histopatologi terbanyak karsinoma sel skuamosa.

Abstract
Cervical cancer has a high incidence especially in developing countries. In Indonesia, cervical cancer is a cancer in women with the highest prevalence in 2013 which is 0.8%. Estimated number of cases in West Java in 2013 is 15,365 people. The purpose of this study is to determine the characteristics of cervical cancer patients base on age, parity and histopathologic pattern in Al-Ihsan Bandung Regional Hospital on the period of January 2015–Juni 2017. This research was a cross sectional decriptive observational study with cross sectional approach. The data used were secondary data from medical records of patients with cervical cancer were diagnosed by histopathology. The sampling in this research was admission sampling. Number of cervical cancer diagnosed by histopathological in Al-Ihsan Bandung Regional Hospital in this period were 82 people. Majority of patients with cervical cancer had characteristics ages >35 years were 71 people (86.6%), number of parity ≥3 were 52 people (63.4%), and histopathology pattern of squamous cell carcinoma were 58 people (70.7%). Conclusions from this research is the highest frequency of cervical cancer at the age >35 years, with parity ≥3, and most histopathologic pattern is squamous cell carcinoma.


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